With 'Flanders, Brussels folsom lake college and Wallonia: a ménage à trois' folsom lake college Guido Fonteyn brings back the real historical story to life in Flanders, Wallonia and Brussels and what binds them until today: a common struggle against the same social exploitation. Lode Vanoost
Guido Fonteyn is not the first specimen. As a journalist of The Standard, he was for years the only correspondent of the Flemish media in Wallonia (French-speaking and Brussels). This is already his ninth book of the same theme, that other Belgians from the south and how they coped with the Belgians of North / handle. Many of the myths that he discusses are known. folsom lake college At least, we like to think. folsom lake college Fonteyn unravels them and brings them back to their true dimension.
So it's true that poor Flemish peasants flock to the mines emigrated, where contempt and exploitation was their part. Attention here is that the locals (who was btw not "Walloon" was called) before himself had been for centuries suffered the horror of the deadly 'mine folsom lake college pits, "the predecessor of the later underground mines.
Fonteyn not only suing the social exploitation by the economic elite. He spares not even the pro-Flemish elite. folsom lake college Their struggle for equal cultural rights of the Flemish / Dutch language was implemented folsom lake college without regard for the social folsom lake college reality. Own boss would be necessary would guarantee both to solve "all" problems. Sounds familiar. Successive Belgian kings therefore saw no problem with this Flemish cultural movement. It threw them a barrier against that part of the bourgeoisie who still sought contact with France.
Successive kings and industrial elite nevertheless did have a heart for the people. At every mine disaster laid them indeed "thousands" of francs to support lagging mothers. Investing in mining made safe for some reason that pity is not part. In 1956, the largest mining disaster ushered in the history of mining Belgiche eventually folsom lake college end in the expiry folsom lake college of the date of the coal mines in Belgium. In the Bois de Cazier mine in Marcinelle folsom lake college then fell at once 262 deaths. folsom lake college That was too much even for the powerful elite of that time to just let pass.
Even more than that number speaks the ethnic composition of the dead to the imagination: 136 Italians - Italy was declared a week of national mourning, 95 Belgians, including 30 with a Flemish name (some may already Frenchified 'Walloons'), 8 Poland, 6 Greeks, five Germans, five French people (including 3 with an Arab / Algerian name), 3 Hungarians, one Briton, one Russian, one Ukrainian and one Dutchman ... Wallonia was already a familiar time migration. Migration to Flanders came much later today.
The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC, forerunner of the European Economic folsom lake college Community, now the European Union) was unrelenting. The Belgian mines were closed. They were indeed "no longer profitable". Belgium accepted folsom lake college the decision and officially closed the mine in 1961. Less well known is that still as dangerous mine in complete illegality was further run until December 1966.
But it was not only Flemish poverty mongers who went to do the dirty work in the 'distant' Wallonia. Much less is known that before and after the First World War has been a migration of wealthy Flemish "gentleman farmers" at Walloon farms. That did a high regard. They had the money to buy farms that were abandoned and there were thriving dairy companies. Until today, many dairy farms in Wallonia Flemish names.
Another flashback in the book to then and back to the present, while the recurrent folsom lake college periods of crisis, the economic elite found it only natural that profits had to be guaranteed and that labor costs were too high ... Over two centuries had Belgians north and south, thereby one thing in common, they were exploited by the same higher, especially in Brussels, bourgeoisie, which was scandalously rich and there until today reaping the benefits. The same mechanisms that made large holdings Walloon industry dropped for the Flemish new industry after World War II (and now with equal ease expropriate to Eastern Europe and other places - for the same idiosyncratic reasons).
There's much more in this book, too many to mention. Fonteyn was a modest man. From him you expect sloganesque language, no short quotes for bite-sized entertainment media. Without preaching, he explains the facts on the table and let the reader come to his conclusion. Moreover, the man writes very well. Fonteyn brings dull statistics to life and shows his commitment without much overt emotion.
Yet you feel for the silent rage of so much injustice. But he never let himself be tempted by moralizing lessons. "Here you can hear this or that