Monday, September 1, 2014

2010 (44) June (4) May (40) Immunological Complications of Blood Transfusion of blood product


Fluid Therapy existing illness, surgery, stress and / or anesthesia, depending on the physiological fluid balance in the body when changing; To maintain the body's normal liquid composition should be administered in appropriate quantities of intravenous fluid. The goal of fluid therapy; keeping in intravas-cular volume in normal heart function, proper oxygenation of tissues, to maintain electrolyte balance, and doing them well is to keep blood sugar within normal how to clean blinds limits. When administering how to clean blinds intravenous fluid therapy in patients with heart, kidney and lung function, nutritional status, daily activity, how to clean blinds duration of hospital stay and the existing pathology should be considered. Intravenous fluids for treating liquids how to clean blinds are mainly classified into two groups: crystalloid Crystalloids liquids, are liquids and small molecule-What are distributed all extracellular fluid volume. In the majority of patients with normal body fluids may be sufficient to maintain the composition. However, too much more when they expand and lymphatic drainage of interstitial fluid deteriorates. In the body as well as general edema, pulmonary edema develops the texture may be impaired oxygenation. Crystalloid solutions commonly used and properties are shown in Table 3. Crystalloid fluids maintenance, replacement, or for private use, including liquid can be analyzed in three groups: a. Type of maintenance crystalloid fluids: sweat, feces, urine and minimal daily urea can be excreted from the respiratory tract of inspiration for the revival of air moisture-in-sensible fluid losses, such as lost fluids used in the treatment. This loss in adults 1.5-2 mL / kg / hr in children, while there will be more. These losses are losses of electrolyte for free, aqueous 5% dextrose, 4% dextrose in Ringer's lactate, such as 5% dextrose how to clean blinds in 0.45% NaCl solution and be treated how to clean blinds with hi-potonik. b. Substitutions Type crystalloid fluids: Almost isotonic, poly U-Ionic loss of body fluids or se-kestrasyon the (gastric drainage, fıstü drainage, wound surfaces infiltration, pleural effiizyo, the acid fluid) losses how to clean blinds due are used to treat. Ringer's lactate, 0.9% sodium content and a relatively high Isolyte isotonic liquids. c. Special Occasion crystalloid fluids used: Special used for the treatment of fluid and electrolyte disorders. Sodium bicarbonate (NaHC03 8.4%) hi-pertonik salt solutions (3% NaCl, 5% NaCl, 7.5% NaCl), calcium chloride (CaCl2 10%) are examples of such liquids. Crystalloid fluid Side Effects of plasma volume expands kollo-id, unlike all EXTRACELLULAR-nozzle liquid's volume by increasing the interS-tisyel liquid than needed with the expansion of lymphatic drainage disruption and interstitial fluid further increase causes. As a result, in lung compliance, which leads to hypoxia and pulmonary edema reduction, deterioration of gas exchange in the periphery, muscle edema and gas and oxygen-lence In-intestinal system may be distorted. The deterioration of tissue oxy-jenlen may delay wound healing.
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